THE CHALLENGE OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EDUCATIONAL MODELS IN HIGHER EDUCATION. (Case Mexico) By Gabriel Hernandez Santamaria today the educational models in the institutions of higher education are pedagogical approaches * of those who manage the institution. In fact it is a set of theoretical visions whose intention is to guide educational programs toward a particular purpose; the end is usually the formation of a professional with features or default abilities, with the pretension of paramount that serve society for their development or progress either to resolve some of their problems. With that vision models set out guidelines for the design of programmes and their contents, as well as teaching practice that teachers or scholars should assume in the implementation of the model. Exist different types of educational based on theoretical visions different models (including Kaufman-Herman, Tyler, Popham-Baker to quote some authors) in the context of the educational reality can affirm that There are two types of models: a. Ideally, which is enshrined in a formal document, drawn up by the managers of the institution. Through him laying down the guidelines for the preparation of study plans and programmes belonging to each academic program offered by the institution. This type of academic model is inserted in the so-called academic Mythology or also known as academic imaginary.
B. concrete U aim, is the model comprising a set of duties and customs that are located in the following items: to) teaching practice; (b) the ideology of teaching; (c) training and teaching tradition; (d) the tradition of professional practice and even; (e) professional prejudices. It is called objective or concrete because it is that responds to reality. It is the operant model not that says the document or ideal model. Concrete or objective model usually lies in the classification of a traditional educational model; given that focuses on the professor. In it, elestudiante is the passive learning object, matter that much content of the encyclopedistes and positivist vision. In the best of if them the objective model or concrete attends to ideological Behaviorism, which based its work on objectives, i.e.
in fragmenting the programmatic content; but prevailing educational positivism and even, as it is the case at present, prioritizing the tecno-utilitarista nature of the profession. Much of the educational institutions administrators know that the coexistence of both models (Ideal and concrete) represents a serious challenge for the qualitative training of the graduate. You know, similarly, that despite having achieved certification by the Agency for each academic program, the academic model concrete or goal persists, putting the credibility of the quality of the educational program in serious predicament. Is it possible that the academic myth of the ideal model remains constant? or confirms the belief that it is a mandatory requirement (only) to simulate academic support, without the formal commitment put it in operation. The implementation of the ideal educational model calls for a process of teacher training, that has three axes, as a minimum, to ensure its success: to) the conviction of the teaching about the goodness of the model; (b) the transformation of practice such which claims it the model; (c) the design of a programme for monitoring and evaluation of the operation of the implanted educational model. **) Conceptual models that include construction of ontology, anthropology, sociology, axiology, epistemology, psychology and pedagogy; that at all times you depend on perception or concept of reality that you have.continue reading
Education in England, opens up broad prospects to graduates. Traditionally, English education was considered the equivalent quality as the foundation of it are deep traditions and techniques of education and learning, which evolved over centuries. Today, many Russians prefer to send their children to be educated in England. And all would be well and good, if on the epidemiological situation, which emerged in recent months. Many parents are seriously concerned about the "ban" on the departure of Mr Onishchenko organized groups of children to England for training. Although this prohibition is more advisory in nature, since legally fixed by the Government. In addition, receive education or be educated in England dealt with first parents, and they in turn claim that counseled their children to security measures and rules of conduct in public places with high risk of infection with swine influenza virus. According to the British Council in Moscow in 2008 to obtain a visa to travel to obtain education in England wanted 17 thousand Russian citizens.
In 2009, wanting to get an English education can be about 10 percent more. If we talk about the statistics of citizens receiving education in England, in the past year, 915 Russian citizens have graduated from Courses in-depth study of English in British schools, and 3,335 people have been trained in the universities of Great Britain. It's official statistics, as is well known, the actual numbers, as a rule, exceed average. With regard to the director of British educational institutions themselves, they prefer not to make any harsh statements about the "advisory" measures on the travel ban, saying that they would Any decision of the Russian partners. However, for its part ensure compliance with all epidemiological norms on campus, including the provision of necessary medical assistance in case of infection. And, Finally, the statement by the Minister of Health of Great Britain: 'Today, people are most likely to influenza A/H1N1 virus within their own countries, rather than contracting them abroad, thus inhibit the virus is becoming less effective measure. " And the comment the Director Research Centre 'Child', RAMS Academician Alexander Baranov: "The ride is possible unless avoiding places where recorded large outbreaks of disease.
Much more likely to think about strengthening the immune system: more use of vitamins in the form of fruits and vegetables, avoid crowded, poorly ventilated, such as the same movie theaters. Maybe in September, will increase in the incidence when people return from holidays, but it happens every year, and without any flu. Total: fears being whipped. "continue reading
Tires for SUV, picked up right – it's half the battle for the motorist. After selection of summer tires for the jeep – it is very responsible and not simple, because the off-road tires are presented in a completely different requirements, rather than to the tires for passenger cars. Powerful SUV on the standard tires, for example, will be helpless in the dirt road. By contrast, the SUV is hardly suitable powerful mud tires. And another important factor: when choosing a tire for SUVs should not forget that the load is off-road much different from the load when driving on the highway. Before you choose a summer off-road tire, answer the question: Which way often exploited by your four-wheel drive vehicle.
Based on the answers you need to choose from three types of off-road tire: road racing (for driving on asphalt), All Terrain (universal gravel) and Mud Terrain (mud season). As can be seen from name, the first category off-road tires designed for driving on a highway. These tires are characterized by a directional tread pattern that provides excellent adhesion to dry and wet asphalt. On rural road performance tires a little lower. But the latest technology used in designing tires for SUVs, can achieve an excellent compromise between maneuverability and excellent behavior at asphalt. Summer tires are characterized by universal gravel excellent behavior on the pavement and the ability to take any road.
This off-road tires has a high cross. Its distinguishing feature – wide tread pattern and excellent resistance to harmful levels of operation. Mud tires are used in a cross-country. They have a high-traction in any weather and on any road. Y all-season tires for passenger cars – the widest and most aggressive design and a wonderful ability to cleanse itself. If you listen to the opinions of the owners of SUVs, among the summer off-road models are the best Yokohama G012 Geolandar A / TS G012, Bridgestone Dueler H / T D687, Dunlop Grandtrek ST20, Dunlop Grandtrek AT3 and Grandtrek PT2. Off-road tire Yokohama Geolandar A / TS G012 is popular because of its ability to overcome any road. Tires for SUVs designed for off-road driving as well as on smooth asphalt. Tire Geolandar G012 is made up of a new special composition of rubber, which made her a well-run and quiet. Unique tread block stage is a key factor in terrain off-road tires. Fans of driving style on powerful SUV prefer tires Dunlop Grandtrek AT3. This off-road tires gives confidence when driving on gravel or rocky road, as well as when traveling on the highway. Riding will be different quietness and comfort, as well as resistance to high speeds. Another popular summer tire for high-speed driving the SUV – Bridgestone Dueler H / T D687. Durable off-road tires well maintained in various weather and road conditions. Increased bus cross Dunlop Grandtrek PT2 make a safe and comfortable every trip. Off-road tire has excellent technical characteristics: excellent handling on wet roads and at high speeds. All Season Tire SUV Dunlop Grandtrek ST20 recommended amateur mixed driving. Off-road tires for SUVs, of course, perfectly behaved on the road paved. And the fine will be held on the ground razmytou rain. In addition to identifying road conditions, the choice of tires for SUVs should pay attention to the requirements that apply to all off-road tires. If the tire is suitable for all weather and road conditions, has good handling, high durability and quality, and features excellent impact protection, your SUV into a rubber overcome any road.continue reading
Our cities have been characterized by people of different origin. Some come in search of new opportunities of work, study or to follow the steps of relatives who preceded him. Some have sense of belonging and others do not. Some are happy and others seek the first opportunity to return. There are those who already feel as if they were native and others that are still considered outsiders.
In all, case, we live mixed, intertwined and we accept each other. In reality it is not so easy to know who is here and who the of beyond. We invite you to answer the following test. If you are here, it will reaffirm their identity. If on the other hand, will discover how close (or far) is resemble here: 1. first thing someone here does in the morning is: a. prepare the coffee; b.
take coffee; c. ask the neighbor a little water to make coffee; d. bathe (when there is water); none of the above. 2. The color of water here is: a. cloudy; b. crystalline; c. cloudy, but making an effort you can take; d. costly; e. what water? 3. The first strike that was made here to protest the lack of water was: a. twenty years ago; b. it ten years ago; c. it two years ago; d. a year ago, but you could not leave because it found no water for bathing. 4 Point to which of these phrases are heard most frequently: a. this town is going to end; b. this year has been worse than the previous ones; c. so-and-so stole but did; d. This anyone; not fix it all of the above. 5. The people here is characterized by: a. throw the trash on the street; b. say that it will never vote and then vote by a friend of the compadre (I do deal with you, buddy, and then return to repentance; c. vote by anyone who is not of the group that has ruled in the past seven years; d. repent of having voted for whom voted it and miss the old days of those who both criticized; e. all of the above.) 6. When paving one Street: a. baptized with the name of any politician of yesteryear; b. a short time break it because the aqueduct company must do some work; c. the town is indebted and lasts ten years paying for it; d. rain (or other) waters and sand are responsible for clear pavement. E. what pavement? 7. The symbol more representative here is: a. a crab because it represents the way in which we move forward; b. a cow tail, because it symbolizes the way in which we progress: back and down; c. a chameleon, because it represents the beliefs of the majority; d. a toad and you don’t know why. Alejandro Rutto Martinez is a renowned journalist and Colombian writer, linked as a teacher at several Colombian universities. He is author of four books and co-author of three others in which addresses the theme of leadership, ethics, and human development. He is frequently invited as a speaker at conferences, forums, and other academic events. Get in touch with him through corrreo or call it cell 300 8055526.continue reading
The Federal University of South Ana Caroline Academic Da Silva Sales of Pedagogic – Is waiting It to SEMESTER To improve the Quality of the Education? We know that so that a country really obtains to develop itself she is necessary that it obtains to take care of to all the basic necessities of the population that is housing, health, basic health and the most important education. The education is the base most important for the formation of a country. With an educational standard of quality they are had professional of quality in any branches. In elapsing of the years what it comes worrying thousand of people it is as it is the development of the Brazilian education, for what we can perceive in the results gotten through annual research on the quality of the education had a great advance, but only in amount, therefore in the quality observes it not effectiveness of some methods used as of progression continued, system of cycles and not the pertaining to school reprovao. The education it needs to have quality since the beginning of the pertaining to school cycle of the child, therefore it is where it will start to give to the first steps route to its formation and the same one will be had imperfections in this process will persist in elapsing of previous phases, where one is playing the responsibility on the back of the other leaving to be worried about what it really imports the formation of the pupil. Perhaps these methods recommended for the MEC (Ministry of the Education) of the reprovao in the first years of the pupil did not serve for a country that already had with a good level of education, therefore for Brazil would only aggravate the case because the biggest difficulties of the pupils have that to be decided soon at the beginning of its educational cycle.
To disapprove a pupil does not want to say that it is for punishing it or humiliating it and a way to try to still solve the problem in the series that it meets and not to leave thus so that the professor of the following series decides and successively. What it has happened is that children are being approved without knowing the least to write or to read that they write, they only transcribe what she is in the picture for the notebook and thus follows for the next series, being still more difficult its learning. To improve the quality of the education means to have qualified professors and able for they deal with any type of situation, to have didactic materials of quality, to have transport so that the low income children obtain to go to the school, to offer a good snack for the pupils, since she was proven scientifically that a child to learn it needs to be fed well, to offer good equipment to the schools. But because it will be that the government does not invest in the education? It will be that it wants beings not pensantes, that does not see the errors committed, that do not demand its rights, wants to continue covering the eyes of the citizens so that these remain been silent. Brazil is a country that has a great potential to grow, this if to know to deal with the precariousnesses that exist here.continue reading
The academics and for professional times of education have raised the flag of an education directed toward the promotion of the human rights, aiming at a plural education, anti-racist, democratic and that he accumulates of stocks in fact, all the diversity of subjetividades that surround the pertaining to school environment. However, they are universal principles for an education of quality, but they worry me some points, while educator/researcher: what it would be diversity? Which the subjects are part of this thematic greater? She is necessary to take some cares not to make a cauldron of transversal subjects, that it results in empty debates and without practical effect, mainly when will only be to lead, for our rooms of professors and evident, the classrooms. The calls ‘ ‘ minorias’ ‘ (group LGBT? S, groups feminists) needs to have its elencadas difficulties to have in fact visibility: misoginia, homofobia and lesbofobia need to be raised and duly fought, after all the school is part of the society, and if we want healthy social relations, we must start for infancy. Particularly, I believe that an education for the ethnic-racial relations does not have to be ‘ ‘ apenas’ ‘ plus an ingredient of this cauldron. Before, it must be the main plate. Let us remember that the article 26-A of the LDB (law 10,639/03) was the responsible one for more openly bringing this quarrel on all the other vulnerable groups, not less important, but I emphasize that racial relations in favor of an education anti-racist must be the cherry of the cake. Therefore, we need to nominate to give visibility, we cannot study each vulnerable group in isolated way, or exactly uniformly, without considering its interseccionalidades, however we cannot admit to hug as much object complexity, in an only pan, this of the diversity.continue reading
Hence the importance of the cultural sphere, and of their relationships with individuals in the definition of a course to be followed for the development of the subject. We can say that the process of the globalization of the world economy is necessarily involved in educational practice. We perceive that this new reality also considers a valuation bigger technological development, which opens and becomes more outstanding at the end of the 20th century. The computer begins to exist as domestic property that, like the phone, allows a series of communicative activities for man.
Not only in the work we are looking for that relationship to a whole. Also, in education, our wish is the formation of man entirely, in an interdisciplinary perspective. It is necessary the school facilitates a global, able to consider training than reality It consists of different aspects. This type of education, certainly leads to autonomy. True citizenship is given in independent, capable men position themselves critically, not only with words but also with actions, i.e. a whole body education. The national curricular parameters and guidelines and Bases Act point in direction to this teaching position. However, to take it, we need educators and politicians involved in education to achieve a radical change, which is very complex. The main objective of the national curricular parameters is bring about methods of teaching, particularly in teachers, assist in the preparation and/or reformulation of the curriculum, stamping the construction of the pedagogic project, depending on the student. The national curricular lines, the national curricular parameters of various levels of education and a number of other official documents relating education in the Brazil have been placed in line with the global trend: the need to focus the teaching and learning in the development of skills and abilities from the learner, rather than focus on conceptual content.continue reading
In its place, ' has appeared; ' family after-moderna' '. (MOREIRA and OAK 2008, p.199) These economic and social transformations have modified the standard of living of the family, the mothers are working outside of the familiar environment, in the companies, industries, banks and in the service I publish, thus to cooperate in the composition of the familiar income. The fight for the civil laws made possible varies conquests. The social classes that historically suffered with the social discrimination, between them the homosexuals want are masculine or feminine they had gotten you vary conquests. Currently couples homosexuals, had conquered the recognition of ' ' union estvel' '. This made possible the right to adopt children, and to be considered as a family. Today already it is possible if to verify families with following composition: two men or two women who live together as couple, adopting and creating children as its legitimate children.
Ahead of these transformations, MOREIRA and OAK, affirm that in the place of the composed family traditionally for: Father, Mother and son (s), have appeared ' ' family after-moderna' ' with another composition, father, (man) father (man) and son () or mother (woman), mother (woman) and son (). not headquarters conformed with this world, but headquarters transformed by the renewal of your agreement, so that you try which is good, the pleasant one, and perfect will of God. (Roman 12:2) We believe that, due to the transformations that the society this trying, especially in the composition of the family, becomes necessary that the Christians, they attempt against for the education of the Word of God. The standard of the secular world cannot influence the Christian life. We know that the Christian, is strengthenn to obey extracted educations of the Sacred Holy Writs, its main goal is to fulfill in its life the will of God.
Therefore one gives credit that the alterations that the family tries in the present time do not have to modify the Christian conception of this institution. 2 – FAMILIAR EDUCATION According to principles of the Word of God, the education of the child is responsibility of the family. when this task is fulfilled with success, the result will be that later, when growing this child, will become good an adult person of a character. ' ' It educates the child in the way where she must walk; until when aging ' will not be turned aside from it.; ' (Sayings, 22:6) All educations that it received, at the beginning of its life, will give the base to it to remain itself firm, in the correct way, the way of the good, with the necessary recital for not turning aside itself from the way. These, therefore, are the orders, the statutes and the judgments that you ordered your Gods to teach to you, so that you fulfilled in the land the one to them who you start to possess; So that subject the Mr. yours God, and you keep to all its statutes and orders, that command I you, you, and your son, and the son of your son, every day of your life, and that your days are prolongados' '. ) The parents beyond teaching the ccontinue reading