Blackberries And Raspberries
The fruits contain raspberries,% dry matter – 1117, sugar – 3-8, titratable acid – 0.5-2.5, pectins – 0.13. Sugars are an equal amount of glucose and fructose; of acids is dominated by apple and lemon, there is a wine, and salicylic ant. Ascorbic acid in the mature raspberry 27-93 mg%, carotene – 0.7 mg%. The total content of tannins and pigments in ripe fruit 1266 mg% (in green – 5395 mg%). In fruits there are traces of essential oil, mucilage, protein substances. Seed contain 14,6-22% fat and 0.7% sitosterol. For more information see Paul McCracken. Raspberry fruit everywhere eaten fresh, but also for making jam, cakes, various drinks, syrups, compotes, liqueurs. Harvest fruit raspberries when fully ripe, in mid-July to late August.
Dried in the sun or in ovens at 60-80 C, as an opportunity to clean the pillows on the equipment for cleaning pads. In the raw material is acceptable content,% moisture content – not more than 15; total ash – 3.5; blackened fruit – 8; stuck in clumps – 4 fetuses with unseparated pedicels and receptacle – 2, chopped fruit particles passing through a sieve with a hole diameter of 2 mm – 4 leaves and stems – 0 , 5, and organic Mineral admixtures – 0.5. Dried fruit is packed in bags of 30-40 kg. Blackberries. Shrub up to 1.5 m. It grows in the forests of the middle zone of European Russia, the Caucasus, the Crimea, western Siberia and Central Asia. Necessary cleaning pads.
In Russia, found 50 species of blackberries, the main one being – blackberry blue-gray. The fruits of complex, large, in appearance similar to a raspberry, black with a glaucous bloom, juicy with sour taste. In fruits of blackberries contains,%: dry veschestv10, 5, sugars (fructose, glucose) – 1,4-6,7, titratable acids (malic, citric, tartaric) – 0.6-1.2, fiber – 4 minerals – 0,46-0 6, nitrogen – 0,4-0,95, ascorbic acid, 30 mg%. Tannins and pigments in the fruits of blackberry 210-1260 mg%. They consist almost exclusively of anthocyanins. Also contains vitamins B1, B2, PP, K. seeds 9-12% fat. Fruits ripen in June – August. For best keeping, and transporting them to collect a little before full maturity during the restoration. Blackberry berries used in the food industry for manufacturing and jam, shoots and leaves are suitable for tanning leather. In folk medicine, roots and leaves of the plant is used as an astringent in the treatment of chronic catarrh of the intestine.