Livestock (also of cattle) refers to one or more animals home reared in an agricultural setting to produce raw materials such as food, fibers and labor. The cattle term that referred to in this article does not include poultry or farmed fish, however the inclusion of these, especially birds, in the sense of livestock is common. Livestock are generally raised for subsistence or for profit. The raising of animals (animal husbandry) is an important component of modern agriculture. He has been practiced in many cultures since the transition to agriculture of hunters – gather lifestyles.
Cattle breeding has its origin in the transition from cultures communities agriculture settled rather than hunter-gatherer lifestyles. The animals are tamed when their breeding and living conditions are controlled by humans. Over time, the collective behaviour, life cycle, and the physiology of animals have changed radically. Many modern farm animals do not conform to life in nature. Dogs were domesticated in East Asia about 15,000 years ago, goats and sheep were domesticated around 8000 BCE in Asia. Swine or pigs were domesticated by 7000 BC in the Middle East and China.
The earliest evidence of horse domestication dates to around 4000 BC. Livestock is the breeding of animals for food or to sell. Some of these animals could be: cattle / dairy cows chickens goats pigs / pigs horses sheep there are other types of animals from cattle that cannot think. These are: donkeys, mules and rabbits. Bees are bred for honey. All kinds of fish bred in fish farms. Livestock gives us our meat, eggs and milk. We also use leather skins and hair of some animals for blankets, clothing, shoes and brushes. Some organs of cattle are used for medicines like insulin. Hooves and horns are used for buttons, combs, glue and knives. Manure from these animals will be used to make plants grow better.