The Occupational Therapy in Brazil. In the history of the use of the occupations as form of treatment in Brazil, it is of extreme importance the reference of the coming of the Portuguese Real family for Brazil, that gave to impulse the psychiatric reorganization, mainly after independence. In 1852 in Rio De Janeiro if Peter II gave to beginning the use of the occupations as form of treatment with the foundation of Hospital D. In 1898 the functioning of the Juqueri hospital was initiated (current Frank hospital of the Rock) where was taken care of sick mental of all Brazil. Franc of Rocha and Pacheco and Silva introduced there the treatment for the work intitled at the time for ' ' praxiterapia' '.
In 1931, Ulisses Pernambuco introduced the north-eastern therapeutical occupation of Brazil. The programs for physical disabled only appeared in Brazil in 1940, decurrent one of the International Movement of Whitewashing. Agencies as ONO, OIT and UNESCO, had spread out protectionistic laws to the deficient physicists and having considered the implantation of specific programs for this population. While the international movement of whitewashing if originated in the countries that had participated of the I and World War II in Brazil had the concern with the former chronic illnesses: Tuberculosis, congenital deficiency, industrial accidents, accidents in it I transit and occupational sick people. was in this context that appeared the Occupational Therapy in Brazil. In 1951 ONU it sent for Latin America responsible emissaries to find a place to be implemented a Center of Whitewashing, being chosen the hospital of Clinics of the College of Medicine of the University of So Paulo. Where the place already used the laborterapia you give of the decade of 40. From 1956 the 1965 institute of Whitewashing received assists international technician to prepare one local technician to assume the service, in this commission international technique was also Elizabeth Eagles, after finishes it training was chosen Maria Auxiliadora Cursino Ferrari.
In the institute the Occupational Therapy was responsible only for superior members and the training of AVD. In 1959, it was initiated formation ' ' high technician of padro' ' in fisioterapia and occupational therapy with the duration of 2anos. In 1963 approval of the minimum resume of 3anos was given to it. In 13 of October of 1969 the profession of Occupational Therapy was recognized as superior level and in 2001 already 29 schools of Occupational Therapy in Brazil in Par also existed.