Peter Pablo Dos Santos Tersariol & Rodrigo Lilla Manzione – Campus of Ourinhos. SUMMARY the vertiginous population growth that comes occurring since the one after World War II until the current days demands, to each new day, a bigger demand for natural resources, indispensable the maintenance of the life in this planet. This work has for objective to relate the types of use and handling of the ground with the process of water infiltration as main condicionante for the determination of the compacting degree and estruturao of this resource in experimental parcels in the city of Ourinhos. The results demonstrate accented differences in the speed of infiltration of the water in the ground directly enter the two types of use and handling, influencing its quality and development of the plants. Word-key: planning, use of the ground, infiltration.
Keywords: planning, land use, infiltration. 1.INTRODUO In Brazil, many areas of natural vegetation come being substituted for different use systems, such as agricultural cultures, pastures and reforestations (SAINTS, 2007), Become each more necessary time the concern with the use of the ground and its consequncias. (A valuable related resource: Rafael Nadal). The sustainable use of the natural resources, especially of the ground and the water, has consisted in subject of increasing relevance, in reason of the increase of the antrpicas activities. Consequentemente, grows the concern with the conscientious use and the quality of these resources. The study of the hdricas relations of the ground it supplies a great support the understanding of some phenomena that in it occur.
Its physical characteristics condition relative processes the compacting and erodibilidade degree. These in turn, directly influence infiltration, the movement of the water and the vegetal development. From the physical analyses of the ground, it is possible to establish a relation enters its type of handling and its estruturao. For Reinert and Reichert (2006, P. 8) the evaluation of the aggregate stability, density of water ground, porosities and infiltration and retention, considering the textural classroom, indicate the current state of the structure of the ground. This type of evaluation is sufficiently used to measure it evolution of the structure of alone data when submitted the different systems of handling. Of this form, the handling difference can be represented by the evaluation of the state of estruturao of this ground. In this direction, the permeability studies prevem with precision the aptitude of the ground for agricultural operations, irrigation, areas of disposal of dangerous residues, lagoons and reservoirs, ditches and localization of the canal, and other structures of represamento of water.continue reading
In the academic community is almost a consensus the conscience of that the education of sciences, in all the levels of formal education, asks for a revision. Disastrous implications for the country exist as consequence of a deficit education of sciences. The deficit in the education of sciences drift, among others things, of professors whose proper formation left to desire. One of the effect of this formation fails of the professor is the fact of that the same it tends to commit many errors in the education of determined areas of sciences.
One of the areas of sciences more vitimadas by education deficit it is, without a doubt, Astronomy. A series of errors committed for professors when trying exists to exactly teach the slight knowledge most basic of space sciences. Many times errneas information are repassed the pupils as being true. In other situations information they are repassed in incomplete way. It still has cases of mere popular knowledge in Astronomy that are interiorizados by the professors as being true and these also finish being repassed the pupils. OBJECTIVES? To examine the main relative errors to the contained concepts of Astronomy in didactic books; To describe the different types of errors contained in such publications; To present the information as it would have to be repassed to the pupil, having for base given of trustworthy sources as workmanships of specialists in the area of Astronomy. to the same conclusion. The objectives of this study had been only reached thanks to the bibliographical research of extensive referring material to the subject.continue reading
Problematizao. It has a territorial identity of the townspeople of as the district, the city of Cold Handle. Justification. In the present time the emancipation of the district emerges a new speech in the population of as the district searching that currently has as city mother the city of Cold Handle. Having in mago of the research not it search of favorable or favorable answers the emancipation, but yes a reflection of which type of territorial identity that the district possesss and which type of representation, the same makes of its reality as district or as future city. General objective. To search the affirmation of identities and territorialities of as the district of the city of Cold Handle, analyzing the cultural and historical aspects that are accumulated of stocks by the inhabitants of the mentioned region.
Specific objective. ) To recognize traditional activities. b) To identify of the district as naturalization or to origin inhabitants. c) To analyze the relation District X City. d) To identify the nets of transports displacement between the district and the city. e) To recognize the relation of interdependence between city and district.
f) To reflect with the population which the type of structure or installation that if finds in deficit in the locality. Theoretical recital. The project has as main bibliography the article elaborated for the doctor in geography, Gilbert de Miranda Rock, article this that if intitles ‘ ‘ City and territory: to divide why? The geographic interpretations on the reverse speed-division politician-administrative in Brazil. Where the author affirms that the geographic interpretations on the reverse speed-division politician administrative in Brazil if divide in four groups: 1) Politics and territory. 2) Identity and territory. 3) Norms and territory. 4) Resources and territory. Our project comes to argue the Identity and territory, being tried to demonstrate traditional identities, old, historical territorialities and new district as territorialities of the city of Cold Handle. Population Involved. The project has as collaborating pupils of 6 and 5 period of geography of the college of the region of the lakes (FERLAGOS). Methodology. Our work has as method the research action, for if dealing with a direct method and to simple boarding, having as tool of a questionnaire with objective questions in the district as application residences of the city of Cold Handle. The questionnaire will have ten questions that the sorts and etrias bands of the population will approach the objectives of the research being applied of form to accumulate of stocks all. CONCLUSION. District of Cold Handle does not have affirmation of traditional identities in 2. Therefore its old and historical territorialities are prompt. However new territorial affirmations appear and new practical a space one. New social actors. Walking for a process of new partner-space identities.continue reading
The econmicas activities are less income-producing since the accessibility and minor and as consequncia the transport costs more are raised in areas with lesser density of the net of transports. 9. Conclusion the strategical localization in Austral Africa confers to the country a paper of vital importance in the net of rendering of services of transports and communications in the region. As supplying country of railroad and road services of transit in Austral Africa, Moambique is located as a privileged door of access to the sea, of entrance exit of merchandises of and for some countries. In this in case that, the econmicas crises of the countries of hinterland in special of the Zimbabwe, always have afectado the services iron-ports influencing in the scale of the payment of the Parents. However, with the exception of the railroads of Sena and Moatize that are in whitewashing, all the desactivadas railroads must if to the exhaustion of the drained products. In accordance with the displayed one, can conclude that, the weak National development drift of a series of problems that comes if accumulated since the colonial period ties the current phase.
For an efficient Development, flows of good and ideas, the Parents must develop politics turned in the increase of the density of the net of transports in order to facilitate the complementaridade. his field.continue reading
1,2 Objectivos Estudo General Objectivo of the net of transports in Moambique. Objectivos specific to Descrever the historial of the net of transports (roads, railroad workers and marines) in Moambique. to Caracterizar the different types of transports (roads, railroad workers and marines) in Moambique. to Analisar the complementaridade enters the different types of transports. to Mencionar the paper of the corridors of Development. to Descrever the flow of merchandises and people in the main corridors. to Identificar the main problems that devastate the diverse types of transports.
to Descrever the problems of the tracing of the net of transports in Moambique. to Descrever the complementaridade enters the different types of transports. 2. The TRACING OF the NET OF RAILROAD, MARITIME AND TERRESTRIAL TRANSPORTS Second Rasp Pear tree (1977) more good to give the due one I appraise the dimension, paper and importance of the system iron-ports was withdrawn in the time in order to understand some facts historical, that much had contributed for the setting of ports and way-of-iron in Moambique, with the almost exclusive function to serve the transit of merchandises of and for the countries of hinterland (colnias English of the Niassalndia, Rodsia of the North and the South and of transvaal in the South Africa), the main ports and way-of-iron of Moambique were construiram in the last few decades of century XIX. 2,1 WAYS OF LOURENO IRON YOU MARK Rasp Second Pear tree (1971) the idea of the construction of an way-of-iron for remote Loureno Marques of the year of 1870, having been the railway line of the port of Loureno Marques to the transvaal border 1 to be constructed, with the objectivo to serve of safe door of access to the sea. According to reviewed of the National Direco of ports and way-of-iron quarterly (1981) ' ' the way-of-iron of Loureno Marques, had been constructed in 1890 as well as its port, had been it to mainly drain the mining wealth of the Transvaal ouro.' ' According to third congress of the FRELIMO (1976) the discovery of rich mineral deposits in the Transvaal and its posterior exploration for the English capitalist monopolies comes to allow them to be able to explore of income-producing form the way-of-iron and the port of Loureno Marques.' ' The way-of-iron of Goba must have served stops to drain the merchandises proceeding from the English colnia neighbor of the Swazilndia, coal and iron of that country that did not arrive if to materialize because England did not arrive to construct the chunk in the Swazi territory.continue reading
The people interviewed in the Vargem of the Cedars and the community of Saint Maria in Are Bonifcio work in the land, mainly with the production of hortalias, also come growing the appearance of small farms in the region. Evidently, as in all country, the situation of the young it is of if disconnect of the field and following for the city to look work and in some cases to study. The difficulties in being and producing in the land are beyond the problems of agriculture, therefore, it has the fact to have a perspective of decision how much to the indemnity of lands inside of the Park. So that it serves the park Is important because it keeps the unbroken nature. It brings benefits in the quality of the water. Our necessary region of the water that comes of there of the park, therefore it is important.
The park leaves the region prettiest, but it needs that the IBAMA and the city hall stop to fine the staff. Now the animals are not hunted; before turning Park the place was deforested, the animals was hunted. I do not know what it is a unit of conservation, or so that it serves the park, I imagine that to protect the nature. In these 30 years of the creation of the Park, the communities, exactly absent in the process of creation and the attempts of implantation of the unit, reflect on the use of the park, constructing a partial knowledge of ' ' because proteger' '. The reference an area of the Park as the place of the house and the work stimulate to understand that she is necessary to protect (the experience place) and that this space, either for the water, the bush or mountains it is the known space, it is the perceived space and lived deeply, therefore, this space is also the space of the conservation.continue reading