Former: ' ' If you are not in favor of me then you are against mim.' ' Hasty generalization (false induction): It is the opposite of the Dicto to simpliciter. It occurs when a specific rule is attributed to the generic case. Former: ' ' My it traiu namorada me. Soon, the women tend. ' traitorously; ' Inconsistency: To construct a reasoning with contradictory premises. Former: ' ' John is bigger of what Jake and Jake he is bigger of what Fred, while Fred is bigger of what John.' ' Invention of facts: It consists of lying or formulating information inexact.
Former: ' ' The cause of the grippe is the consumption of arroz.' ' Inversion of cause and effect: To consider a effect as a cause. Former: ' ' The propagation of the BEEN one was provoked by the education sexual.' ' Inversion of the responsibility of the test: When the argumentative one transfers to its opponent the responsibility of to prove the contrary argument, exempting itself to prove the base of its argument. Former: ' ' Dragons exist, because nobody obtained to prove that they not existem.' ' Also it can be used for negative affirmations, as follows: ' ' Dragons do not exist, because nobody obtained to prove that they existem.' ' Negation of the antecedent: This fallacy occurs when it is tried to construct a conditional argument that is not nor of the Way ponens (affirmation of the antecedent) nor in the Tollens Way (negation of the consequent one). Its categorical form is: If then the B. Not It Then not Former B.: ' ' If it has cars then has pollution. It does not have cars. Soon, it does not have poluio.' ' Post hoc I raise to propter hoc: It consists of saying that, for the simple fact of an event to have after occurred the other soon, they have a relation of cause and effect.